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Tendonitis treatment

The goals of Tendonitis treatment are to relieve your pain and reduce inflammation. Often, simple home treatment — which includes rest, ice and over-the-counter pain relievers — is all that's needed.

Sometimes your doctor may inject a steroid drug into tissue around a tendon to relieve Tendonitis. Injections of cortisone reduce inflammation and can help ease pain. These injections must be used with care because repeated injections may weaken the tendon or cause undesirable side effects. They may also increase your risk of rupturing a tendon.

Research has shown that people with Tendonitis and tendonosis may also be helped by a program of specific exercise designed to strengthen the force-absorbing capability of the muscle-tendon unit. When a tendon is torn, a reconstructive operation may be necessary to clean inflammatory tissue out of the tendon sheath or relieve pressure on the tendon by removing bone. Surgeons can repair tendon tears to reduce pain, restore function and, in some cases, prevent tendon rupture.

Self treatment of Tendonitis

To treat Tendonitis at home, P.R.I.C.E. is the word to remember — protection, rest, ice, compression and elevation. This treatment can help speed your recovery and help prevent further problems. P.R.I.C.E. involves doing the following:

  • Protection. Immobilize the affected area to encourage healing and to protect it from further injury. You may need to use elastic wraps, slings, splints, crutches or canes.
  • Rest. Avoid activities that increase the pain or swelling. Rest is essential to tissue healing. But it doesn't mean complete bed rest. You can do other activities and exercises that do not stress the injured tendon. Swimming and water exercise may be well tolerated.
  • Ice. To decrease pain, muscle spasm and swelling, apply ice to the injured area. Ice packs, ice massage or slush baths all can help.
  • Compression. Because swelling can result in loss of motion in an injured joint, compress the area until the swelling has ceased. Wraps or compressive (Ace) elastic bandages are best.
  • Elevation. To reduce swelling, raise the affected leg above the level of your heart. It's especially important to use this position at night.

Although rest is a key part of treating Tendonitis, prolonged inactivity can cause stiffness in your joints. After a few days of completely resting the injured area, gently move it through its full range of motion four times a day to maintain joint flexibility.

You can also try nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin and ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others) or products containing acetaminophen (Tylenol, others) in an attempt to reduce the discomfort associated with Tendonitis. But be sure to consult your doctor if you need NSAIDs for an extended time because some should be used for only short periods to avoid complications. The benefits gained from using these drugs long-term also are questionable. If you take them frequently or take more than the recommended dose, NSAIDs can cause nausea, stomach pain, stomach bleeding or ulcers. In rare cases prolonged use can disrupt normal kidney function. The risk of these conditions increases with your age. Individuals with liver problems should consult their physician before using products containing acetaminophen.

This web site is intended for your own informational purposes only. No person or entity associated with this web site purports to be engaging in the practice of medicine through this medium. The information you receive is not intended as a substitute for the advice of a physician or other health care professional. If you have an illness or medical problem, contact your health care provider.