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Of more than 100 different kinds of arthritis, these are the most common types and their symptoms. See our index to the left to find information about more types of arthritis as well as over 100 other bone and inflammatory conditions. Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease caused by wear and tear on a joint or joints over time or trauma to a joint. The wear and tear on joints causes wearing away of the cartilage that protects the joint.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an auto-immune disease that causes the immune system to attack the joints and various organs in the body.


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Finger Tendonitis

Tendonitis is inflammation, irritation, and swelling of a tendon, which is the fibrous structure that joins muscle to bone. Each finger have two tendons. The tendons run along the palm side of the fingers and are very close to the surface of the skin, particularly where the skin folds as you bend your fingers. The tendons in the fingers are called flexor tendons. The longer tendon (flexor digitorum profundus attaches to the last bone of the finger and bends the tip; the shorter tendon (flexor digitorum sublimis) bends the middle joint of the finger.

Symptoms of Finger Tendonitis

  • An inability to bend one or more joints of the finger
  • Pain when you bend your finger
  • Mild swelling over the joint closest to your fingertip

Treatment of Finger Tendonitis

Initial treatment of the condition can include:

  • Icing the area
  • Avoiding activities that caused the inflammation
  • Splinting the affected finger or thumb in an extended position for 10 to 14 days

Your physician may prescribe an oral anti-inflammatory medication to reduce the pain and swelling.  In addition, to reduce the inflammation of the tendon sheath, your physician may also give you an injection of corticosteroid (cortisone-like medication) directly to the affected area.  If symptoms persist, another injection could be given in three or four weeks, except in cases of rheumatoid diseases.  Patients with rheumatoid disease are at an increased risk for tendon rupture and surgery should be considered after one injection fails to relieve the symptoms.






This web site is intended for your own informational purposes only. No person or entity associated with this web site purports to be engaging in the practice of medicine through this medium. The information you receive is not intended as a substitute for the advice of a physician or other health care professional. If you have an illness or medical problem, contact your health care provider.

Arthritis can develop as a result of an infection. For example, bacteria that cause gonorrhea or Lyme disease can cause arthritis. Infectious arthritis can cause serious damage, but usually clears up completely with antibiotics. Scleroderma is a systemic disease that involves the skin, but may include problems with blood vessels, joints, and internal organs. Fibromyalgia syndrome is soft-tissue rheumatism that doesn't lead to joint deformity, but affects an estimated 5 million Americans, mostly women. The approximate number of cases in the United States of some common forms of arthritis. is an informational out reach of the Consumer Health Information Network. It is our goal to provide up to date information about arthritis and other inflammatory and bone conditions in a easy to understand format.

Where we get our information.

Most of the information in the site is compiled by editors from information provided by the National Institutes of Health. We are in the process of updating our pages. In the past we have not made reference to the source for information provide by our editors. In the next few weeks we hope to have all our pages marked as to the source.

We have included information from the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. Pages that uses information from this source are so acknowledged.

We have contributing authors that send information. Where information is provided by an outside author it is acknowledged by a byline under the title.

Updates of Pages.

Not all of our pages have a date as to the last update. We are in the processes of reviewing all our pages and as we do we include a reference as to when the page was updated. This web site was first published in January of 2003. All pages in the site were created at sometime during or after that time.