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Adductor Tendonitis

Adductor Tendonitis is an inflammation of the tendonds associated with the adductor muscles. There are five adductor muscles, the pectineus, adductor brevis and adductor longus (called short adductors) go from the pelvis to the thigh bone and the gracilis and adductor magnus (long adductors) go from the pelvis to the knee.

Causes of Adductor Tendonitis

Injury to the hip adductors most commonly occurs following forced push-off (side-to-side motion). An extreme amount of stress is placed on the adductor tendons when, because of the athlete's momentum, a large amount of force is applied to one side in the sagittal plane and the adductor muscles must contract rapidly to shift the force to the opposite direction. Other causes include forceful abduction of the thigh during an intentional adducting motion and jumping. Jumping is involved to a lesser extent than abduction and is associated more commonly with hip flexor strains. Overstretching of the adductor tendons is a much less common cause.

Symptoms of Adductor Tendonitis

  • Tightening of the groin muscles that may not be present until the day after competition
  • A sudden sharp pain in the groin area or adductor muscles
  • Bruising or swelling (this might not occur until a couple of days after the initial injury)
  • Inability to contract the adductor muscles
  • A lump or gap in the adductor muscles

Treatment of Adductor Tendonitis

The goals of Tendonitis treatment are to relieve your pain and reduce inflammation. Often, simple home treatment — which includes rest, ice and over-the-counter pain relievers — is all that's needed.

Sometimes your doctor may inject a steroid drug into tissue around a tendon to relieve Tendonitis. Injections of cortisone reduce inflammation and can help ease pain. These injections must be used with care because repeated injections may weaken the tendon or cause undesirable side effects. They may also increase your risk of rupturing a tendon.

Research has shown that people with Tendonitis and tendonosis may also be helped by a program of specific exercise designed to strengthen the force-absorbing capability of the muscle-tendon unit. When a tendon is torn, a reconstructive operation may be necessary to clean inflammatory tissue out of the tendon sheath or relieve pressure on the tendon by removing bone. Surgeons can repair tendon tears to reduce pain, restore function and, in some cases, prevent tendon rupture.


Tendonitis (also spelled tendinitis) is an inflammation of a tendon. Generally tendonitis is referred to by the body part involved, such as Achillies tendonitis (inflammation of the Achilles tendon), or patellar tendonitis (jumper's knee; inflammation of the patellar tendon). Chronic overuse of tendons leads to microscopic tears within the collagen matrix, which gradually weakens the tissue. Tendonitis can also be associated with systemic inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis.





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