Viral arthritis is inflammation of the joints that results from
a viral infection.
Causes of Viral Arthritis
Arthritis may be a symptom of many viral illnesses. The duration
is usually short, and it usually disappears on its own without any lasting effects. It may
be associated with mumps, rubella, human parvovirus, and Hepatitis B. It may also occur
after immunization with rubella vaccine. This is a common form of childhood joint
Symptoms of Viral
Joint pain and joint swelling of one or more joints
Diagnosis of Viral Arthritis
A physical examination shows joint inflammation. A serology for
viral agents may be performed.
Treatment of Viral
Treatment is usually pain relievers to alleviate discomfort. If
joint inflammation is severe, aspiration of fluid from the affected joint may relieve
pain. In general, the arthritis is mild.
The outcome is usually good. Most arthritis disappears within
several days to weeks with resolution of the viral illness.
There are usually no complications.
There is no known way to prevent viral arthritis