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Spina Bifida Causes

The exact cause of spina bifida remains a mystery. No one knows what disrupts complete closure of the neural tube, causing a malformation to develop. Scientists suspect genetic, nutritional, and environmental factors play a role. Research studies indicate that insufficient intake of folic acid—a common B vitamin—in the mother’s diet is a key factor in causing spina bifida and other neural tube defects. Prenatal vitamins that are prescribed for the pregnant mother typically contain folic acid as well as other vitamins.

Spina bifida manifesta is most common among babies born to women whose ancestors came from the British Isles. It is much less common among babies born to women whose ancestors came from Africa. Women who have had one child with spina bifida are more likely to have another child with spina bifida.

Spina Fida Causes - Risk Factors

Folic acid deficiency
Taking certain medications, such as those to treat epilepsy or acne
Excessive use of alcohol
Exposure to high temperature
Having diabetes
Being obese


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