Central Cord Syndrome
Central cord syndrome is a form of incomplete spinal cord injury (in which
some of the signals from the brain to the body are not received), characterized by
impairment in the arms and hands and, to a lesser extent, in the legs. The brain's ability
to send and receive signals to and from parts of the body below the site of trauma is
affected but not entirely blocked. This syndrome, usually the result of trauma, is
associated with damage to the large nerve fibers that carry information directly from the
cerebral cortex to the spinal cord. These nerves are particularly important for hand and
arm function. Symptoms may include paralysis and/or loss of fine control of movements in
the arms and hands, with relatively less impairment of leg movements. Sensory loss below
the site of the spinal injury and loss of bladder control may also occur, with the overall
amount and type of functional loss dependent on how severely the nerves of the spinal cord
Is there any treatment for Central cord syndrome?
There is no cure, nor is there a standard course of treatment, for central
cord syndrome. Drug therapy, surgery, and rest are often part of the treatment program.
What is the prognosis for Central cord syndrome?
The prognosis for individuals with central cord syndrome varies. Patients
who receive medical intervention soon after their injury often have good outcomes. Many
people with the disorder recover substantial function after their initial injury, and the
ability to walk is recovered in most of the cases, although some impairment may remain.
What research is being done for Central cord syndrome?
The NINDS conducts and supports an extensive research program on spinal
cord injuries. Much of this research is aimed at finding ways to, prevent, treat, and cure
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