Arthritis-Symptom.com
From the Consumer Health Information Network
Thousands of pages of information on arthritis and other joint and bone condtions.

Custom Search
 

 

About Us

 

 

Have a question about any type of arthritis let our community help you find the answer

Arthritis Answers

Health News
64 condition specific health  news pages

Webmaster 

 

Exercise-Induced Compartment Syndrome

Exercise-Induced Compartment Syndrome is a painful cramp caused by compression of muscles during exercise.

The syndrome affects the compartments or confined spaces in the body partly surrounded by long bone:

  • in the arm between the elbow and wrist
  • in the leg between the thigh and knee
  • in the leg between the knee and ankle.

 
 

Causes of Exercise-Induced Compartment Syndrome

Exercise-Induced Compartment Syndrome occurs as the result of trauma to the forearm or leg or overuse of the muscles and ligaments of the lower leg.

These injuries can cause tissues in the affected area to swell. In these compartments muscles, ligaments, nerves, and blood vessels work together. Swelling cuts off circulation of blood to ligaments, muscles, and nerves in the injured area and/or the area below it.

The compartments in the lower leg are generally most affected. This injury occurs most often in athletes who run a great deal. It has been noted in women airline attendants because of the continued stress on their lower legs from wearing high-heeled shoes while walking a lot each day.

Symptoms of Exercise-Induced Compartment Syndrome

The symptoms usually occur in the area of the affected compartment of the forearm, thigh, or leg. They can include:

  • pain
  • swelling
  • weakness of the lower leg, ankle and/or foot
  • warmth of affected area
  • tenderness over the front of the shin
  • tingling and/or numbness of the leg and foot
  • foot drop (inability to lift the toes so that you must limp to keep the foot from dragging)
  • pain when flexing or pointing the big toe.

Diagnosis of Exercise-Induced Compartment Syndrome

To diagnose Exercise-Induced Compartment Syndrome, the doctor will review your symptoms, examine you, and may do a needle test to measure the increased tissue pressure within the compartment.

Treatment of Exercise-Induced Compartment Syndrome

Depending on the cause and extent of the problem, the doctor may first treat the syndrome with ice packs to the area for 15 minutes several times a day and with anti-inflammatory medications.

If the trauma is more severe or the injury more involved, the doctor may want additional tests that could include an arteriogram to identify where the blood flow to the area is stopped.

If surgery is necessary, a fasciotomy is performed. This surgery involves cutting through the tissue surrounding the injured area and repairing the injury. As a result of surgery, swelling will decrease, pressure will be relieved, and the circulation to the area can be restored.

Prevention of Exercise-Induced Compartment Syndrome

You can use warm-up exercises before exercising. Gradually increase your exercise level for any job-related activity or exercise requiring extensive use of lower arms and leg muscles.

 

Arthritis Shop in England

 
 
 
 
 
   

This web site is intended for your own informational purposes only. No person or entity associated with this web site purports to be engaging in the practice of medicine through this medium. The information you receive is not intended as a substitute for the advice of a physician or other health care professional. If you have an illness or medical problem, contact your health care provider.

06/07/2011

Link to Arthritis-Symptom.com
And help arthritis suffers find the
information they need