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Aneurysmal Bone Cyst

Rusty Ford

An aneurysmal bone cyst is a blood-filled fibrous tumor-like cyst that expands the bone. Usually this type of bone cyst affects young adults and generally occurs in the spine and the metaphyses of long bones but can emerge in virtually any bone in the arms, legs, trunk or skull.

Symptoms of Aneurysmal Bone Cyst

The symptoms include pain and swelling in the area of the aneurysmal bone Cyst. Sometimes a mass can be felt or a fracture can be caused by the cyst. When the cyst occures in the spine there can be mild to sever neurological problems.

Diagnosis of Aneurysmal Bone Cyst

Diagnosis is usually confirmed by imaging procedures such as X-rays, CAT scan or MRI. A bone scan may also be used.


Treatment of Aneurysmal Bone Cyst

Removing the cyst with surgery is the most successful treatment. The cyst may come back if it is not completely removed during surgery. Radiation is used to treat these cysts when they are pressing on the spinal cord in areas that are difficult or impossible to reach with surgery. Sometimes after radiation, however, sarcomas occasionally occur.


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