Anemia is a condition that comes from not having enough red blood cells in your blood or not enough hemoglobin in your red blood cells. Hemoglobin is the part of the red blood cell that binds with oxygen. red blood cells are needed to carry oxygen to the rest of the cells in the body. Anemia causes fatigue and a general feeling of not feeling well. This is because the organs and other parts of your body including the brain are not getting the needed oxygen to be able to function properly.
There are around 400 types of anemia. Most often they are caused by one of four different things different things.
Loss of blood
There are several common conditions that can cause blood loss that leads to anemia. Intestinal bleeding which can be caused by ulcers, hemorrhoids or cancers. Another which is related to the first is drugs that cause intestinal bleeding such as aspirin or ibuprofen also they can be caused by prescription blood thinners. Another common cause is blood loss during menstruation or pregnancy.
A problem with red cell production.
This can be ether the amount of red blood cells produced or the production of faulty red blood cells. On of the most common is iron and vitamin deficiencies. Diseases that effect the way bone marrow produces red blood cells. It can also be caused by exposure to lead.
Other disease can lead to Anemia.
There are many types of disease that can cause anemia. Auto-immune diseases such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis can cause it. Other condition such as cancer or hypothyroidism as well as advanced kidney disease.
A condition that destroys or weakens or destroys red blood cells
Anemia can be caused by inherited conditions, such as sickle cell anemia and thalassemia. As the body ages it can slow down the production of red blood cells are become unable to consistently create health cells. Toxins from insect or environmental causes as well as chemical exposure can effect how the body produces red blood cells. Infections can also cause anemia as well as heart disease.
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