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What is Articular Cartilage

Articular cartilage is the soft lining of the end of bones and joint surfaces. This soft white tissue allows the bones to move freely in the joints and with little friction. Cartilage is a stiff but flexible type of flesh that helps hold things together in your body. Out side of the joints it holds the joints together. There are many types of cartilage but the three main types are  main types include fibrous, elastic, and hyaline. Articular cartilage is made up of hyaline.

The bodies purpose for Articular cartilage is to provide a cushion between joints. This enables the joints to move freely. Osteoarthritis is caused by wear and tear over time to articular cartilage. It can also be caused by trauma to a joint that either damages the cartilage or causes swelling and inflammation inside the joint that damages  the cartilage. As the cartilage wears down friction increases inside a joint causing discomfort and leading to arthritis.
 

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