Of more than 100 different kinds of arthritis, these are the most common types and their symptoms. See our index to the left to find information about more types of arthritis as well as over 100 other bone and inflammatory conditions.
Osteoarthritis Arthritis Symptoms
Osteoarthritis is also known as degenerative joint disease. It is most often caused by wear and tear on a joint or joints over time. It can also be caused by trauma to a joint. The wear and tear on joints causes wearing away of the cartilage that protects the joint causing inflammation and bone wear.
Rheumatoid Arthritis Symptoms
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an auto-immune disease. An auto-immune Disease is a disease where the body's immune system attacks health cells thinking that they are outside objects that are attacking the body. In this case the immune system to attacks the joints and various organs in the body. RA is usually a very aggressive form of auto-immune arthritis. Not only does it effect almost all joints it often affects many other parts of the body including the skin, blood vessels, heart, lungs, and muscles.
Gout Arthritis Symptoms
Gout causes sudden, severe attacks, usually in the
big toe or other joints in the foot but any joint can be affected.
Ankylosing Spondylitis Arthritis Symptoms
A chronic inflammatory disease of the spine that can result in fused vertebrae and rigid spine. Often milder and harder to diagnose in women. Most people with the disease also have a genetic marker known as HLA-B27.
Juvenile Arthritis Symptoms
The most common form is juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis diagnosis, treatment, and disease characteristics are different in children and adults. Some children recover completely; others remain affected throughout their lives.
Psoriatic Arthritis Symptoms
Psoriasis is another form of autoimmune disease. If can effect almost any part of the body but is mainly seen in the skin tissue. When it attacks joints the inflammation in the joints is called psoriatic arthritis.
Visit our Psoriatic Arthritis section (updated 12 - 2011)
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Symptoms
Involves skin, joints, muscles, and sometimes internal organs. Symptoms usually appear in women of childbearing age but can occur in anyone at any age. Also called lupus or SLE, it can be mild or life threatening.
Septic arthritis is an infection of the joint space which causes arthritis. The infection is usually caused by bacteria but viral and fungal arthritis can also occur . Bacteria are either carried by the bloodstream from an infectious some where else in the body. It can also be caused by a injury to the body where the skin is broken all the way to the joint allowing bacteria to inter the joint.
To help you understand your doctor visits try our arthritis terminology page.